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Caller Resources


  • A Love & Passion ⭐⭐⭐⭐  by Jerry Junck 1998  reprinted from USDA NEWS October – December 1998  cached

    Square dancing needs a resumption of caller leadership to teach new dancers and provide a choreographically easy enough dance environment for those new dancers to succeed. From our leadership, we must have a love and passion for square dancing. In addition, we need to restore a mutual respect for each other, as well. We need to be able to motivate dancers as to the importance of recruiting, and the necessity of being patient and understanding with the new dancers we do teach.
  • Alternative Music ⭐⭐⭐  by Vic Ceder  reprinted from Presented to Callerlab.

    Suggestions on using Alternative Music with examples.
  • Alternative Patter Music ⭐⭐⭐⭐  by Clark Baker 2003  cached

    Patter music can be less structured than singing call music, giving a much larger range of music from which to choose. Often our patter music is more drab and boring than our singing call music. Sometimes this is necessary so that the dancers won't get distracted by the music. However, sometimes it is nice to let accomplished dancers dance to a good piece of music. Music from outside the normal square dance arena is another way of providing variety, getting away from boom-chuck, certain instrumentation, and other constraints we impose upon ourselves.
  • Attitude Is Everything ⭐⭐⭐⭐  by Jerry Junck 2002  cached

    Today's square dance activity is suffering form a great many more negative opinions than positive attitudes. Jerry asks callers, dancers, and even organizations to do some hard thinking about their current attitudes and what positive changes we all can make for the good of square dancing.
  • Beat Math  by Clark Baker  reprinted from Clark Baker (A Workshop presented at Callerlab 2009)  cached

    This workshop will start with a brief review of timing. Next we will discuss a methodology for measuring how many beats a call takes and use this methodology on a few calls to see if it gets the same answer as our existing timing charts. Finally we will see if "beat math" really works. Can we simply stick calls together, adding up their beats, and expect the sequence to dance in that many beats? If not, how are we supposed to use our timing numbers?
  • Caller Judgment  by Clark Baker  reprinted from A Talk given at Callerlab 2012  cached

    A square dance caller makes many decisions while performing his job. Some of these decisions are easy and obvious, especially to experienced callers. Others are not so easy, and different callers may make different decisions when presented with identical situations. Usually the results of a decision are minor, or can be easily fixed. Occasionally the decision has far reaching consequences.
  • Creating A Teaching Order That Will Help Students Succeed  by Don Beck  cached

  • Dancing By Definition  by Barry Clasper  reprinted from Callerlab 2013 presentation  cached

    How the brain's memory and recall mechanisms work and how we can apply that to the way a dancer learns.
  • Do It Again and Again (part 1)  by Al Stevens  cached

    Repetition all over again.
  • Do It Again and Again (part 2)  by Al Stevens  cached

    Repetition all over again.
  • Extended Applications (for Callers)  by Vic Ceder  reprinted from Presented to Callerlab

    Standard applications are those combinations of calls and formations that are most frequently called, and which give a high dancer success rate. When a caller goes beyond this basic 'norm', dancers tend to break down because they are given unfamiliar positions from which to do the call. This article focuses on those Extended Applications, how and when to use them while keeping them fun and attainable.
  • Frequency Counts - Good or Bad?  by Al Stevens  cached

  • Gimmicks  by Clark Baker  cached

    I have always felt that there are more than a few types of gimmicks. However I have never taken the time to collect and analyze the various types. Making a presentation on this subject at the 2005 Callerlab meeting has forced me to collect my thoughts and write this paper.
  • Helpful Hints for Callers  by Al Stevens  cached

    Suggestions that have been made over the years at Al Steven's callers schools.
  • How I Get Square Dance Records  by Rich Reel  cached

    One way to obtain square dance records.
  • My First CALLERLAB  by Allan Hurst  cached

    There's a myth that attending CALLERLAB is only for professional callers. In reality, it's a wonderful opportunity to meet other callers, and to get to know the square dance community at large.
  • On The Rights of Call Authors  by Clark Baker  cached

    Following some discussion on the square dance caller's e-mail list regarding what rights the author of a square dance call may or may not have, Clark Baker's writes his opinion.
  • Phrase Craze  by Clark Baker  reprinted from Clark Baker (a workshop presented at the 2010 CALLERLAB Convention)  cached

    This workshop will explore the relationship of patter and singing calling to the musical phrase. We start with a brief definition of terms, and move into some dancing. Does a style of delivery in which the caller gives the dancers the first beat in a phrase better? How often can a skilled caller "hit the phrase"? How can you acquire this skill? What are some examples of strongly phrased music. This will be a laboratory in which we are counting on you, as dancers, to help determine which variables really matter.
  • Points for Better Calling  by Rich Reel  cached

    Fundamental aspects of optimal square dance calling.
  • Sight Calling  by Rob Scribner  reprinted from The Oregon Square Dancer Magazine  cached

    A sight-calling primer.
  • Sight Resolution  cached

    Several callers have submitted their methods for sight resolution.
  • Smooth Dancing  by Peter Höfelmeyer  cached

    Why should smooth dancing be one of our highest goals?
  • Some Thoughts about Body Flow  by Jens Harms  cached

  • Teaching Order Design Principles  by Dottie Welch and Clark Baker  reprinted from Callerlab Dance Program Documents  cached

  • Teaching Principles That Will Help Students Succeed ⭐⭐⭐  by Don Beck  cached

    Four phases to teaching, and goals of teaching.
  • Teaching Square Dancing to Grade 7  by Clark Baker  cached

    This talk will focus on my experiences in working with 7th graders, teaching a progressive series of classes, leading to a school-wide performance. Areas covered include crowd control, choreography, teaching techniques, handling reluctant dancers, dealing with attitude, a core vocabulary of calls and skills, teaching words, and learning speed. We end with a quick walkthru of calls that look good in exhibition (Stars, Allemande Thar, Grand Square, Dip And Dive, Heel & Toe, Star Promenade & Butterfly Whirl) which you could use in any ONS. Finally we dance the routine to phrased calling.
  • Teaching Techniques  by Jerry Reed  cached

    Teaching is one of the most important jobs of any caller. We should be prepared to undertake this task each time we pick up our microphone. Teaching can be as formal as a regular class or workshop situation or as informal as a discussion of a particular move or concept over coffee after a dance. Teaching people to dance is not only one of our most important skills, it is also one of the most difficult.
  • TrashDance (What A Feeling!)  by Allan Hurst  cached

    As a caller ... what do you do when only 6 dancers show up? Get trashy! This article, on how to choreograph and call for 6 dancers plus two wheeled garbage cans, first appeared in the GCA "Call Sheet" Newsletter.
  • What Makes Square Dancing Hard? -- Cognitive Psychology and Square Dancing (1982)  by John Sybalsky  reprinted from Square Dance Practice Vol. 1, No. 4  cached

    There are limits to what the human mind can do. Studying those limits---and how people cope with them---can tell us much about what makes square dancing easy or hard: The closer a call or sequence comes to pushing those limits. the harder it is to perform. Looking at how people cope with their limits can tell us much about how people learn square dancing. and thus provide guidance for setting up teaching orders and plateau progressions.
  • Working with Other Callers - Duets  by Al Stevens  cached

    Duets are a great tool to be used by callers, if two callers are compatible with each other, however a danger exists when two callers are non - compatible. Nothing sounds worse than to listen to two callers trying to work with each other - and can't.
  • Zeros ⭐⭐⭐  by Gero Teufert  cached

Specific Calls

Technical Papers

  • An Easy "At Home" Resolve Technique ⭐⭐⭐⭐  by Rich Reel 2004  cached

    Return-to-home techniques.
  • Asymmetric Primer for Callers ⭐⭐⭐⭐⭐  by Vic Ceder 2011

    This paper presents asymmetric (or non-symmetric) choreography: what it is, how to get into it, how to resolve from it and how, when and why to use it. It gives lots of examples and hints on how to keep it simple. This paper was originally written for Advanced and Challenge callers, and contains some references to calls on these programs. Presented at Callerlab 2010 and 2011.
  • Asymmetric Resolve Techniques ⭐⭐⭐⭐  by Rich Reel 2004  cached

    Techniques are really only useful for writing cards or for sight resolving a very small number of squares.
  • Calling Through Scoot Back Waves  by Rich Reel  cached

    How to track arrangement through #1 and #2 arrangements in waves.
  • Controlling Choreography With Relationships  by Barry Johnson  cached

    For decades, many callers have focused on Formation, Arrangement and Sequence while tracking dancers as they move through a sequence. But it turns out that the Relationships of the dancers can actually be easier for many callers to understand and see while a square is in motion, and the principles of using relationships while calling can be learned in just a few minutes. Once relationships are recognizable, the state of the square is easily identified in almost any FASR at all.
  • Directional Characteristics of Column Loudspeakers  by Ervin E. Gross  cached

    A brief description of the useful characteristics of a sound column will be presented here and the successful application of these characteristics will be described.
  • Easy To Call Asymmetric Tricks  by Rich Reel  cached

    Easy to call asymmetric gimmicks.
  • FASR and other Caller Terminology ⭐⭐⭐⭐  by Rich Reel  cached

    An explanation of Formation, Arrangement, Sequence, and Relationship.
  • Formation Management  by Jens Harms  cached

  • Hexagon Choreography  by Judy Obee  Article not found view cached file

    Also known as Rectangle Choreography or 6-couple Square Dancing.
  • Hexagon Dancing  by Bill Eyler  cached

    Hexagons are a method of having six couples dance from a six-sided "at home" formation. Clark Baker independently found that it was possible to have a Hexagon dancing in the back of the hall while the caller was calling to standard squares. There are several key differences in Clark's method versus my method. Because of that, I've started calling his version "East Coast" and this method "West Coast."
  • Hexagon Squares  by Clark Baker  cached

    Square dancing is usually danced by 4 couples who start each sequence in a square formation. This paper describes how 6 couples can start each sequence in a hexagon formation, and dance the same choreography with the same timing as the usual square. Certain dancers will enjoy this twist on square dancing.
  • How "Unresolved" can a Square Be?  by Rich Reel  cached

    A look at the math behind FASR and resolving the square.
  • Keep Order / Change Order Modules  by Rich Reel  cached

    Simple mental image method and sight calling aid.
  • Mainstream Teaching Order Design  by Clark Baker  cached

    In April 2004 I was asked to join a sub-committee of the Mainstream committee tasked with creating a new teaching order for the Mainstream dance program. Here are my thoughts on the subject.
  • Musings on Definitions  by Clark Baker  cached

    Recently the definitions committee has been faced with updating the definition of Shakedown. Looking at some of the issues and decisions faced while changing Shakedown will give you some insight into the definitions business in general. In writing definitions we generally want to document how the call works today without allowing applications which violate the "sense" or "essence" of the call.
  • Ocean Wave Resolution  by Dave Wilson  cached

    This paper describes a symmetric sight calling resolution based on ocean waves. It was developed and explained to us by Dave Wilson at a callers school in 2007.
  • Pairing Two Dancers For Resolve  by Rich Reel  cached

    One of the first steps of resolving the square.
  • Resolving a completely messed up floor  by Dave Wilson  cached

  • Resolving a Square  Article not found view cached file

    A flowchart on how to resolve a square.
  • Selecting Key Couples  by Rich Reel  cached

    Different ways of memorizing the square for sight resolve.
  • Sight and Module Resolution Systems  reprinted from Callerlab

    Written by the Choreographic Applications Committee (CAC), Caller Training Committee, and Caller Coach Committee.
  • Sight Resolution From Ocean Waves  by Gero Teufert  cached

  • Square Dance Callers Instruction Course  by Ed Gilmore  reprinted from  cached

    Ed Gilmore's 1949 Square Dance Callers Instruction Course, sponsored by the Redlands (California) Recreation Department. Originally 52 type-written pages, this course includes chapters on:


    Specific basic movements, dance routines, and music are discussed, as well as round dances and styling. Ed also teaches callers to focus on the entire dance experience for the participant, and cautions that this course will not make you a caller...for that you need time and experience.

  • Technical Zeros in Plain English  by Mike Liston  cached

  • Techniques for Discovering Arrangement  by Rich Reel  cached

    Sight calling to groups with mostly same-sex or mixed-sex couples.
  • The 16 Possible Partner Pairings with Standard Arrangement  by Rich Reel  cached

  • The Limits Of FASR  by Gero Teufert  cached

  • The Square Resolution Process  by Rich Reel  cached

    The secret is to significantly reduce the number of combinations with a resolve process.
  • The Total FASR (FASROO)  by Gero Teufert  cached

  • Two Couple Primer  by Vic Ceder

    There are times when we want to use Two Couple Calling as a programming or showmanship tool. There are other times when we may have less than two full squares and we want to get as many dancing as we can. This paper provides insight on how to effectively utilize this type of calling and includes some of the pitfalls as well.
  • Zeros and Equivalents  by Orlo Hoadley  Article not found view cached file

    A zero is a call or sequence of calls that ends with the same setup it started from; in other words, an equivalent to no call at all, formation-wise. Equivalents are two calls or sequences of calls that start with the same setup and end with the same setup. Orlo gives us some examples in this article.



  • A Look At Ourselves ⭐⭐⭐⭐  by Bill Heimann 1998  cached

    Being a good dancer has nothing to do with level!
  • Challenge Dancer Responsibilities  by Charles Young  cached

    Because Challenge Square Dancing is more difficult and demanding it requires a high level of commitment to the art of Square Dancing and a high level of cooperation amongst the dancers in each square.
  • How Good Is Good  by Barry Clasper  reprinted from The Zipcoder  cached

    What makes a good dancer. (originally printed in Zip Coder Magazine)
  • How May I Help  by Barry Clasper  reprinted from The Zipcoder  cached

    To help or not to help? That is the question. (originally printed in Zip Coder Magazine)
  • Learning Calls  by Bill Heimann  cached

    Strategies for memorizing calls.
  • Tips on Becoming a Better Dancer  by Janet Neumann  cached

    Dancing, Teamwork, Definitions, Identification, Precision & Breathing, Study & Practice, Have Fun!


Technical Papers

Dancing Outside the U.S.

Dancing Outside the U.S.










Dancer Hints and Handouts

Health Benefits


What is Square Dancing?


by Bob Brundage



  • Articles and Editorials ⭐⭐⭐  cached

    Articles from Cal Campbell's site.
  • Barstool Dancing  by Clark Baker  cached

    Barstool Dancing is an after party or hallway gimmick that I have been using to entertain square dancers for many years. I don't remember who invented it. It's really just the Anchor Concept from C4 called to a mini-square with the same dancer anchored for every call.
  • Bernice Hall -- a unique American square dance hall  by John Brant  cached

    A hall for square dancers, by square dancers, celebrating their 17th year.
  • Community Dance Program  by Calvin Campbell  cached

    A detailed description of the Community Dance Program (CDP) including goals, history and uses.
  • Competing Against Statistics  by John Brant  cached

    Statistics show why Square Dancing has declined.
  • Contra and Square Dance Playing  by Phil Williams and Vivian Williams  cached

    Hints for live bands wanting to play for contras or square dances.
  • Eye Contact  by John Brant  Article not found view cached file

    Who gives it, who doesn't, and why.
  • Graduation Ceremony  cached

    A complete script for a class graduation ceremony.
  • Left Ah!llemande, Right & Left Grand  by David Sperl  Article not found view cached file

    Fortunately there is one command we all know.
  • National Council of Square Dance Organizations  by Jim Maczko  Article not found view cached file

    A new national organization is formed to guide Square Dancing into the next century.
  • Noah's Square Dance  by Rick Walton  cached

    As Noah calls, the animals on the ark perform a variety of square dance steps.
  • Notes from a Tempo Workshop  by Don Beck  cached

    Determining a comfortable square dance speed.
  • Parlez-vous square dance?  by Patience Andy Ploumacie  reprinted from The Zipcoder, Dec. 1990  cached

    Do you speak Square Dance?
  • Patricia Wahle's Dancer Survey  by Patricia Wahle  cached

  • Seven Qualities of a Healthy Group  by Leith Anderson  Article not found view cached file

    Apply these standards to your club to see how it measures up.
  • Square Dance Apparel  by Jeff Garbutt  Article not found view cached file

    Does it matter what we wear?
  • Square Dance Emergencies  cached

    No matter how much planning you do for a square dance event, an unplanned emergency situation is usually inevitable.
  • Square Dance Wedding Vows  cached

  • Square Dancer's Prayer  by C. Lowe  cached

    Oh greatest Caller, Who knowest all moves...
  • Square Games  by Clark Baker  cached

    Assume that you know how to square dance. Not only that, but that you are good at it. Perhaps you have already learned some Advanced and Challenge dancing. Perhaps you are even a little bored at the current dance, weekend, festival, or convention. Or perhaps you just want a slight change to make things interesting. What you need is a square game -- something you or your square can do while the caller is calling to the rest of the folks.
  • Summer Dancing in Alaska  by Isabelle Mudd  Article not found view cached file

    If you are going to Alaska this summer, then consider dancing or even calling while you are there.
  • Technology in Square Dancing  by Tom Kardos and Pearl Kardos  Article not found view cached file

    The big moment for you to get a computer may be just around the corner.
  • This Square Dance World  by Chris Froggatt  cached

    Articles that appeared in the South Pacific Square Dance Review.
  • Turkeys in the Cell -- The Meiosis Square Dance  by Donald Cronkite  cached

    Modern science at it's best!
  • What is a Leader?  by Jeff Garbutt  Article not found view cached file

    Good leadership is important for the survival of Square Dancing.
  • What is Right with Square Dancing  by Jeff Garbutt  Article not found view cached file

    What is good about Square Dancing and how to strengthen it.
  • Who Owns Square Dancing  by Jeff Garbutt  Article not found view cached file

    Square Dancing exists long after a caller, dancer or club passes on.


Newspaper Articles


Round Dance

Round Dance

  • Choosing Dances  by Susie & Gert-Jan Rotscheid  cached

    How to choose which dance to buy, teach or showcase. (PDF document)
  • Five Points of Contact  by Chris & Terri Cantrell  Article not found view cached file

    The five points of contact are the key to comfortable dancing.
  • From Phase II to Phase III  by Annette Woodruff  Article not found view cached file

    A wonderful adventure is starting.
  • How Many Records?  by John Brant  Article not found view cached file

    The number of records cuers have will amaze you.
  • How to Write a Dance  by Susie & Gert-Jan Rotscheid  cached

    More and more cuers and dancers are starting to write dances to their favorite piece of music. (PDF document)
  • North American Dance Rhythms  by Chris & Terri Cantrell  Article not found view cached file

    Did you ever wonder where dance rhythms originated?
  • Our Very Own Dance Studio  by Frank & Carol Valenta  Article not found view cached file

    The story of why and how.
  • Pile Up on Styling  by Sara Garza  Article not found view cached file

    Each individual will develop their own dance style.
  • Proper Round Dancing Styling and Etiquette (in 1879)  by John Brant  Article not found view cached file

    The rules of etiquette were complicated in the 19th century.
  • Round Dancers Vs. "Good" Round Dancers  by Frank & Carol Valenta  Article not found view cached file

    Four guidelines of being a "good" round dancer.
  • The Dancing Jewels  by John Brant  Article not found view cached file

    The only youth Round Dancing demonstration group in America.
  • The Phase Rating System Reflects the History of Round Dancing  by Veronica McClure  Article not found view cached file

    Phase II is rich with dancing history.
  • Two Step  by Jesse Chisholm  Article not found view cached file

    Odd name for a three step move.
  • Understand the Round Dance Levels  by Annette Woodruff  cached

    The Round Dancing rating system helps dancers know what moves are in the dance.
  • What Exactly is Round Dancing?  by Jo Pringle and Mike Pringle  Article not found view cached file

    A three part series about the origin and structure of Round Dancing. (reprint from Canadian Dancers News)
  • World-Wide Dance Rhythms  by Chris & Terri Cantrell  Article not found view cached file

    Did you wonder where dance rhythms originated?



  • A Dream Come True ⭐⭐  by Jirka Scobak  Article not found view cached file

    ABC Records becomes the first Square Dance label in Eastern Europe.
  • A Dream Square Dance Facility  by Bruce Morgan  Article not found view cached file

    Square Dancers donated time and money to build a dream dance hall.
  • Solving the Age Gap  by Patricia Wahle  cached

    The age gap in square dancers today presents one of the largest obstacles to keeping square dancing alive and growing. This article was written to help us think how we can bridge that gap.
  • Square Dancing at Snellville Middle School  by Bob Morrison and Lorrie Morrison  cached

    A school that integrated American history with a bit of square dancing. (This article first appeared in the Dixie Crier)
  • The Square Dance Dog  by John Brant  Article not found view cached file

    A Guide Dog in training who loves to go to dances.
28-November-2021 06:30:00
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