 Definitions of Square Dance Calls and Concepts

Index -->  Plus  |  A1  |  A2  |  C1  |  C2  |  C3A  |  C3B  |  C4  |  NOL  |
Definitions (Text Only) -->  Plus  |  A1  |  A2  |  C1  |  C2  |  C3A  |  C3B  |  C4  |  NOL  |
 Find call:

 1/4 (or 3/4) Mix -- [C3A] 14mix.php

1/4 (or 3/4) Mix always starts with the Right hand! From Parallel L-H Waves, only the Centers can do the call. In our opinion, the caller should be explicit and say Centers 1/4 (or 3/4) MixEN: 90
1/4 (\$B\$^\$?\$O(B 3/4) Mix \$B\$O(B, \$B>o\$K(B\$B1&(B\$Bupdate JP: 90

 Bias Circulate -- [C3A] biascirc.php

Leaders Circulate as Trailers Star 1/2 (R-H Star from R-H Waves, L-H Star from L-H Waves), and adjust to become Leaders in Wave (R-H Waves if R-H Star, L-H Waves if L-H Star). EN: 20
Leaders \$B\$O(B Circulate \$B\$r(B, Trailers \$B\$O(B Diagonal Box Circulate \$B\$r\$7\$^\$9!%(B \$BDL\$jJ}(B: \$B1&\$N(B Wave \$B\$+\$i\$O(B Trailers \$B\$O1&update JP: 20

 Cross Cycle -- [C3B] crosscycle.php

From an applicable 2 x 2 (e.g., Facing Couples or Mini-Wave Box): EN: 50
\$BE,@Z\$J(B 2 x 2 \$B\$+\$i(B (\$BNc\$(\$P(B, \$B8~\$+\$\$9g\$C\$?%+%C%W%k(B, \$B\$^\$?\$O(B Mini Wave \$B\$N(B Box): update JP: 50

 Fan Concept -- [C3B] fan.php

The Fan CONCEPT is used on calls which begin with an Arm Turn 1/2 (Swing) followed by a Centers Cast Off 3/4. Omit the initial Arm Turn 1/2 and do the given call. When starting from Facing Couples formations (e.g., Facing Liness, Eight Chain Thru), first Step To A Wave. EN: 10
Fan CONCEPT \$B\$O(B \$B;O\$a\$,(B Arm Turn 1/2 (Swing) \$B\$G(B, \$Bupdate JP: 10
From non-Facing Couples formations, the caller could alternatively say Finish any call instead of Fan any callEN: 60
\$B%3!<%i!<\$O(B Fan any call \$B\$NBe\$o\$j\$K(B, Finish any call \$B\$H\$b%3!<%k\$G\$-\$^\$9(B. update JP: 60

 Generous / Stingy CONCEPT -- [C3B] generous.php

(from a L-H Wave): Although one might argue that the Centers part of the call is a Turn Thru (and hence an Arm Turn), the use of Stingy and Generous should be avoided, because the call is a variation of Swap Around (a no-hands call). We believe that Swap The Wave from either a R-H or a L-H Wave has the tagging dancers doing the same action. The Turn Thru used by dancers is just a convenience. EN: 210
(\$B:8\$N(B Wave \$B\$+\$i(B): \$B\$"\$k?M\$O(B, center part \$B\$O(B Turn Thru (\$B\$9\$J\$o\$A(B Arm Turn) \$B\$G\$"\$k\$Hupdate JP: 210
(from Facing Couples:) Even though the Belles' part strongly feels like a Left Arm Turn 1/4, and is frequently danced that way, the definition of Pass The Ocean does not contain an Arm Turn. EN: 220
(\$B8~\$+\$\$9g\$C\$?%+%C%W%k\$+\$i(B:) Belle \$B\$N%Q!<%H\$O(B Left Arm Turm 1/4 \$B\$N\$h\$&\$K6/\$/46\$8(B, \$BIQHK\$K\$=\$N\$h\$&\$KMY\$i\$l\$F\$\$\$^\$9\$,(B, Pass The Ocean \$B\$NDj5A\$O(B Arm Turn \$B\$r4^\$s\$G\$\$\$^\$;\$s(B. update JP: 220

 Initially Concept -- [C3A] initially.php

The anything call must have a well-defined first partEN: 20
anything \$B\$N%3!<%k\$K\$O(B, first part \$B\$,L@3N\$KDj5A\$5\$l\$F\$\$\$kI,MW\$,\$"\$j\$^\$9!%(B update JP: 20

 Jay Concept -- [C3A] jay.php

Historically, Jays were denoted as follows: EN: 30
\$BNr;KE*\$K(B, Jay \$B\$Oupdate JP: 30
A Jay can be denoted by a given direction, that direction being relative to the dancers in the Center Line. In identifying the Jay, the facing direction of the Outside dancers doesn't matter. EN: 70
\$B6a\$4\$m(B, \$B2??M\$+\$N%3!<%i!<\$O(B, \$B>e5-\$NL>A0\$NIU\$1J}\$r0lHL2=\$7\$F;H\$C\$F\$\$\$^\$9!%L@3N\$K(B, Jay \$B\$OJ}8~\$G<(\$5\$l(B, \$B\$=\$NJ}8~\$O(B Center Line \$B\$K\$\$\$k?M\$+\$i\$NAjBPE*\$JJ}8~\$G\$9!%\$9\$J\$o\$A(B, \$B30B&\$N?M\$N8~\$-\$K\$O4X78\$,\$"\$j\$^\$;\$s!%(B update JP: 70

Note: some people believe that Promenade is a legitimate starting formation for any call that can be done from Parallel Two-Faced Lines and is defined in terms of Leaders and Trailers. The calls commonly used in this way include Cast A Shadow, Link Up, and Wheel The Ocean | SeaEN: 60
\$BCmCast A Shadow, Link Up, Wheel The Ocean | Sea \$B\$,\$"\$j\$^\$9!%(B update JP: 60

 Lock 'Em Up -- [C3B] lockemup.php

Centers Lockit as Outsides Roll. EN: 14
Centers \$B\$O(B Lockit \$B\$r(B, Outsides \$B\$O(B Roll \$B\$r\$7\$^\$9(B. update JP: 14

 Mirror Concept -- [C3B] mirror.php

When doing the Mirror version of a call in which two dancers end on the same spot (such as an odd Tally-Ho) step to Left hands instead of Right hands! The Mirror CONCEPT is more binding than the Right-hand same-spot rule. EN: 80
Mirror \$B\$G%3!<%k\$r9T\$\$(B, 2 \$B?M\$,F1\$8>l=j\$G=*\$o\$k\$H\$-(B (\$BIaDL\$G\$J\$\$(B Tally-Ho \$B\$N\$h\$&\$J\$H\$-(B), \$B1&Mirror CONCEPT \$B\$OF1\$8>l=j\$G1&update JP: 80
Note: The words Left and Reverse have traditionally been used to indicate Mirror (e.g., Left Swing Thru, Reverse Flutter Wheel) but their usage is inconsistent. Dancers may not know what is intended when something like 'Left Circle By' is called. Should one Circle Left the first given fraction then Left Touch the next given fraction? Or, since you are normally moving to the Left on a Circle By, should one Circle Right the first fraction? Reverse can also mean 'In Reverse Order', 'Rewind', or have other meanings ('Reverse Stack The Line': original Trailers instead of Leaders go across to right hands!). If we only had the choice of using Left or Reverse, what would the Mirror version of Shake & Rattle be called? The Mirror version of Shakedown is called Left Shakedown and the Mirror version of Reverse Split Swap is called Split Swap! The Mirror CONCEPT resolves these ambiguities. EN: 90
\$BCmLeft \$B\$H(B Reverse \$B\$,(B Mirror \$B\$r<(\$98@MU\$H\$7\$F;H\$o\$l\$F\$-\$^\$7\$?(B (\$BNc\$(\$P(B, Left Swing Thru, Reverse Flutter Wheel), \$B\$7\$+\$7\$=\$l\$i\$N;H\$\$J}\$K\$O0l4S@-\$,\$"\$j\$^\$;\$s(B. 'Left Circle By' \$B\$N\$h\$&\$J%3!<%k\$,\$J\$5\$l\$?\$H\$-(B, \$B%@%s%5!<\$O2?\$r0U?^\$7\$F\$\$\$k\$N\$+J,\$+\$i\$J\$\$\$G\$7\$g\$&(B. Circle Left \$B\$r;O\$a\$N(B fraction \$B\$@\$19T\$\$(B, Left Touch \$B\$rReverse \$B\$O(B 'In Reverse Order', 'Rewind' \$B\$r0UL#\$7(B, \$B\$^\$?B>\$N0UL#\$N\$3\$H(B ('Reverse Stack The Line': \$B%*%j%8%J%k\$N(B Leaders \$B\$G\$J\$/(B Trailers \$B\$,9T\$-(B\$B1&\$B\$r\$H\$j\$^\$9(B!) \$B\$b\$"\$j\$^\$9(B. \$B\$b\$7(B Left \$B\$+(B Reverse \$B\$N\$I\$A\$i\$+\$r;H\$o\$J\$1\$l\$P\$J\$i\$J\$\$\$H\$7\$?\$i(B, Shake & Rattle \$B\$N(B Mirror \$B\$O\$I\$A\$i\$r;H\$&\$G\$7\$g\$&\$+(B? Shakedown \$B\$N(B Mirror \$B\$O(B Left Shakedown \$B\$H%3!<%k\$5\$l(B, Reverse Split Swap \$B\$N(B Mirror \$B\$O(B Split Swap \$B\$H%3!<%k\$5\$l\$^\$9(B! Mirror CONCEPT \$B\$O\$3\$l\$i\$N[#Kf\$5\$r2r7h\$7\$^\$9(B. update JP: 90

 Mix -- [A1] mix.php

Centers should take a slight step forward before doing the Cross Run. This makes the movement smoother for the Ends, as it gives them room to move into the center. EN: 50
Centers \$B\$O(B, \$B>/\$7A0?J\$7\$F\$+\$i(B Cross Run \$B\$r\$9\$Y\$-\$G\$9!%(B \$B\$3\$l\$O(B ends \$B\$,(B center \$B\$NJ}\$X2#\$KF~\$k>l=j\$r\$"\$1\$F(B, \$BF0\$-\$d\$9\$/\$9\$k\$?\$a\$G\$9!%(B update JP: 50

 Rotate -- [C1,C2,C3B] rotate_c1.php

Why is the Rotate FAMILY split across three levels? The answer is that the definition of Rotate is inconsistent, in the sense that the definition is formation-dependent. In our opinion, dancers should have one concise definition that can be applied to any legal starting formation. The C2-style Rotates are the culprits, and we believe these Rotates should have been named Split Rotate (instead of Rotate), and Split Single Rotate (instead of Single Rotate), so that there would be no conflict. Unfortunately, Rotates were not defined quite so cleanly. EN: 620
\$B\$J\$<(B, Rotate FAMILY \$B\$O(B 3 \$B\$D\$N%l%Y%k\$K\$^\$?\$,\$C\$F\$\$\$k\$N\$G\$7\$g\$&\$+(B? \$BEz\$(\$O(B, Rotate \$B\$NDj5A\$,(B formation \$B\$K0MB8\$7\$F\$\$\$F(B, \$B0l4S@-\$,\$J\$\$\$+\$i\$G\$9(B. \$B;dC#\$N0U8+\$G\$O(B, \$BDj5A\$O%@%s%5!<\$K\$H\$C\$F(B 1 \$B\$D\$N4J7i\$J\$b\$N\$G(B, \$B\$I\$NE,@Z\$J;O\$a\$N(B formation \$B\$+\$i;H\$(\$k\$b\$N\$G\$"\$k\$Y\$-\$G\$9(B. C2 \$B%9%?%\$%k\$N(B Rotates \$B\$K\$OLdBj\$,\$"\$j(B, \$B\$3\$l\$i\$N(B Rotates \$B\$O(B Split Rotate (Rotate \$B\$G\$J\$/(B) \$B\$H(B Split Single Rotate (Single Rotate \$B\$G\$J\$/(B) \$B\$HL>\$E\$1\$k\$Y\$-\$G\$7\$?(B, \$B\$=\$&\$9\$l\$PL7=b\$,\$"\$j\$^\$;\$s(B. \$B;DG0\$J\$,\$i(B, Rotates \$B\$O\$-\$A\$s\$H@0M}\$7\$FDj5A\$5\$l\$^\$;\$s\$G\$7\$?(B. update JP: 620

 Secondly | Thirdly | Fourthly anyConcept anything -- [C3B] secondly.php

Do the call but when you reach the given part, re-evaluate and apply the given CONCEPT to the given part, then re-evaluate your position in the resulting formation and do the remainder of the call. EN: 40
\$B%3!<%k\$r9T\$\$(B, \$B;X<(\$5\$l\$?%Q!<%H\$H\$J\$C\$?\$i(B, re-evaluate (\$B:FI>2A(B, \$B8+D>\$9\$3\$H(B) \$B\$r\$7(B, \$B;X<(\$5\$l\$?(B CONCEPT \$B\$G;X<(\$5\$l\$?%Q!<%H\$r9T\$\$(B, \$B\$=\$7\$F(B, \$B7k2L\$N(B formation \$B\$G\$N<+J,\$N0LCV\$r(B re-evaluate \$B\$7\$F(B, \$B%3!<%k\$N;D\$j\$r9T\$\$\$^\$9(B. update JP: 40
It is important to re-evaluate your position both before and immediately after the given part as, depending upon the given concept, you may unexpectedly be working with different dancers or in a different formation. EN: 70
\$B;X<(\$5\$l\$?%Q!<%H\$NA0\$HD>8e\$G(B, \$B;X<(\$5\$l\$?(B concept \$B\$K\$h\$j(B, \$B<+J,\$N0LCV\$r(B re-evaluate (\$B:FI>2A(B, \$B8+D>\$9\$3\$H(B) \$B\$9\$k\$3\$H\$,Bg@Z\$G\$9(B. \$B9M\$(\$b\$D\$+\$J\$\$?M\$d(B formation \$B\$GF0\$/\$3\$H\$K\$J\$k\$3\$H\$,\$"\$j\$^\$9(B. update JP: 70

 Trapezoid Formation -- [C3B] trapezoid.php

A Trapezoid is a Distorted 2 x 2 that can be formed from a normal 2 x 2 after any two adjacent dancers each move a distance of one matrix position directly away from each other. EN: 10
Trapezoid (\$BBf7A(B) \$B\$O(B Distorted (\$B\$f\$,\$s\$@(B) 2 x 2 \$B\$G(B, \$BIaDL\$N(B 2 x 2 \$B\$+\$iNY\$j9g\$C\$??M\$N\$I\$A\$i\$+\$,(B, \$B\$*8_\$\$\$KN%\$l\$k\$h\$&\$K(B 1 \$B%]%8%7%g%sF0\$\$\$?\$H\$-\$K\$G\$-\$^\$9(B. update JP: 10

https://www.ceder.net/def/viewchanges.php?LangId=2&What=1
04-July-2022 07:54:28 