Definitions of Square Dance Calls and Concepts

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 C3B definitions from the Ceder Chest of C3.This material is copyrighted, so please treat it accordingly.For complete explanations, diagrams and examples, please purchase the book.To view a definition, click the desired link.C3B list

Language:

any Tagging call & Scatter

1. 做 Tagging 口令至 1/2 Tag 的位置;
2. Scatter Scoot.

any Tagging call The Top

n Step(s) At A Time

From Columns.

The First n dancers Peel Off to end in a Line of n, Step Ahead as necessary to form a Concentric Line of 2n and Bend The Line of 2n as the other dancers Extend (using Circulates) to form a compact formation, Trade, and Roll.

n Step(s) At A Time can be fractionalized into thirds.

Bingo

From a Mini-Wave Box or other applicable 2 x 2 formations.

Trailers Any Shoulder Wheel Thru as Leaders 3/4 Out.

A Mini-Wave Box ends in a Mini-Wave Box.

Boomerang

From Tandem Couples, a Mini-Wave Box or the 2 x 2 T-Bone obtained from a Mini-Wave Box after Leaders 1/4 Out.

There are two slightly different definitions of Boomerang depending upon the starting formation.

1. From Tandem Couples: Leaders Zoom as Trailers Circulate and Trade. Ends in Facing Couples.
2. From a Mini-Wave Box or other applicable 2 x 2 formations: Leaders Zoom as Trailers Scoot Back (Extend, Trade, and Extend). A Mini-Wave Box ends in a Mini-Wave Box. This use of Boomerang can be fractionalized into halves.

Busy anything

From Parallel Two-Faced Lines or other applicable formations.

Leaders Keep Busy (Couples Circulate With The Flow) as Trailers step forward to form a compact formation ("normalize") and do the anything call.

fraction Cast & Relay

From Parallel Waves or Eight Chain Thru.

1. Arm Turn the given fraction;
2. Centers Cast Off 3/4 as Ends 1/2 Circulate;
3. Centers turn the Star the given fraction as the others Trade;
4. those who meet (Center Wave of 4) Cast Off 3/4 as the others move up (Phantom Hourglass Circulate).

Ends in Parallel Waves.

There is no default fraction for this call.

Change Lanes

Centers 做 Any Hand Remake & Spread, 同时 Ends 做 Circulate & Crossover Circulate.

Change The Centers | Wave

Change The Centers:
Arm Turn 1/2; Slip; Centers Cross Run; Slip.

Change The Wave:
Arm Turn 1/2; Slip; Centers Cross Run; Swing.

Centers 做 Phantom Columns Circulate 2 次, 同时 Ends 做 Split Circulate 2 次.

Parallel Lines 或 Columns 结束队形为 Columns; T-Bones 结束队形为各样的队形.

Change Your Image 是一个 2 部分口令, 并且可以按 1/4 进行分解.

Chase The (fraction) Tag

From Back-to-Back Couples.

Belles Right-face U-Turn Back as Beaus Fold; all Extend to the given fractional Tag formation. If no fraction is given, complete a full Tag The Line.

Chuck-A-Luck, Cross Chuck-A-Luck

From Parallel Lines with the Centers Back-to-Back.

Chuck-A-Luck (Art Miller 1971):
Centers Run as Ends Partner Tag; new Ends Pass In as new Centers Pass Thru.

Cross Chuck-A-Luck (Lee Kopman 1971):
Centers Cross Run as Ends Partner Tag; new Ends Pass In as new Centers Cross Trail Thru.

Both calls end in an Eight Chain Thru.

Criss Cross The Deucey

From Parallel Waves, applicable 2 x 4 T-Bones, or the formation obtained after All 4 Couples Touch 1/4.

Trailers Cross Extend, Arm Turn 3/4 and Spread as Leaders 1/2 Split Circulate and then Phantom Crossover Circulate.

Ends in Parallel Waves, Point-to-Point Diamonds, or a Thar.

Cross Cycle

1. Centers Cross Fold, 然后调整成一个 Box (Bounce The Centers);
2. Box Counter Rotate 1/4;
3. Roll.

Cross Flip The Line (fraction)

From a Two-Faced Line.

As one movement, Centers Cross Run and all Any Shoulder Tag The Line to the given fractional Tag formation. If no fraction is given, complete a full Tag The Line.

Cross Lockit

Diagonal Box Concept

A Diagonal Box is a 2 x 2 which is offset by two positions.

Disband

1. Centers 做 Counter Rotate 1/4 , 同时 Ends 做 Concentric 1/2 Zoom 和(正常的) Hinge;
2. Centers 做 Reverse Flip (背向队形中心做 Phantom Run)， 同时 Ends 做 Phantom Columns Circulate 两次.

Divide The Ocean | Sea direction | anything

From a Generalized Tidal Line.

Outside 4 Cast Off 3/4 and Cross Concentric Vertical 1/2 Tag (if Ocean) or Cross Concentric Vertical Left 1/2 Tag (if Sea) as the others Hinge, Partner Tag, Press Ahead, and individually turn 1/4 toward the given direction or do the anything call.

Usually ends in Parallel Lines.

Echo CONCEPT

1. Do {any CONCEPT} {anything}; then
2. do {anything}.

Explode The Diamond

From Twin Diamonds, a 3/4 Tag, or other applicable formations.

Centers Explode The Wave as Ends Circulate and the Lead End U-Turn Back.

Twin Diamonds end in Parallel Inverted Lines.

Fan Concept

Fan 概念 应用于以一个 Arm Turn 1/2 (Swing) 开始的、之后紧接一个 Centers Cast Off 3/4 的口令. 省略这个起始的 Arm Turn 1/2, 然后做这个口令的其余部分. 当起始队形为 Facing Couples 时, (例如, Facing Lines, Eight Chain Thru), 则首先做一个 Step To A Wave.

Flip Your Lid 这个口令中有 4 个不同的动作:

 Center Wave 当中的 End: 与相应的 Outside 做 Scoot Back; Very Center: Do Your Part, Centers Run & Circle 1/4 (注意不要做成 Scoot Back); Outside Belle (当右手 1/4 Tag 时)或 Outside Beau (当左手 1/4 Tag 时): Do Your Part, Scoot Back & Circle 1/4 (完成之后是面里的). 另一位 Outside: Press Ahead, 与其对面的舞者 Trade, & Spread.

Gee Whiz

From Parallel Lines.

Out-Facing Couple (or the designated dancers) do your part Cross Fire as the Others do your part Vertical Tag The Line.

Ends in Columns.

Generous / Stingy CONCEPT

Stingy:

Generous:

• Arm Turn.
• 在 Mini-Wave 时做 Hinge.
• 在 Mini-Wave 时做 Trade.
• 在 Mini-Wave 时做 Cast Off.
• Star turn, 此时搭星的舞者分别形成两个 Mini-Wave.

Good Show

From an applicable 2 x 4.

Ends do your part Walk & Dodge as the Centers do your part Couple Up.

Ends in a 2 x 4.

Interlocked Counter

From a 3/4 Line, 3/4 Tag, or other applicable formations.

Outsides Counter (Cast Back, Touch 1/2, and Step & Fold) as Centers Once Removed Cast Off 3/4 and (normal) Counter Rotate 1/4.

A R-H 3/4 Line ends in Parallel L-H Waves; a L-H 3/4 Line ends in Parallel L-H Two-Faced Lines.

Interlocked Rally

From a Generalized 1/4 Line or other applicable formations.

Outsides Rally as the Centers Step And Cross Fold (Interlocked Little) and Peel & Trail.

A Generalized 1/4 Line ends in a Tidal Line. This is a 2-part call for the Centers.

Interlocked Ramble

From a 3/4 Line or other applicable formations.

Outsides Cast Back as Centers Once Removed Fold (danced as an Any Shoulder Turn & Deal); all Slide Thru.

A 3/4 Line ends in Generalized Columns. This is a 2-part call.

Lickety Split

From an applicable 2 x 4.

Ends Split Circulate as Centers Split Counter Rotate 1/4.

Ends in a 2 x 4.

Lift Off

Leaders As Couples 1/4 Right, 同时其他人 Left Dodge; Belles "变形 Box" Circulate; As Couples Extend; Couples Circulate.

Lock 'Em Up

1. Lockit;
2. Hinge;
3. Centers Hinge, 同时 Outsides Counter Rotate 1/4;
4. Centers Lockit, 同时 Outsides Roll.

Lock 'Em Up 较容易的记法:
Lock The Hinge; Centers Hinge the Lock 同时 Ends Counter Rotate 1/4 & Roll.

Loop & (fraction) Tag

Loop And (fraction) Tag:
Leaders 做 Peel Off and Roll 并 Step Ahead, 同时 Trailers 成 Tandem 紧跟 Leaders (Peel The Deal); Extend 至给定的分数 l Tag 位置.

Cross Loop And (fraction) Tag:
Leaders 做 Trail Off and Roll 并 Step Ahead, 同时 Trailers 成 Tandem 紧跟 Leaders (Trail The Deal); Extend 至给定的分数 l Tag 位置. 注意: 起始队形为 Tandem Couples 时, 要过左肩, 因为做的是 Trail Off 的动作.

Mirror Concept

Mirror 概念 是按照定义完成口令但需要:
• 以 Right 替换 Left, 以 Left 替换 Right; 并且
• 以 Beau 替换 Belle, 以 Belle 替换 Beau.

Nuclear Reaction

1. Very Centers 和与其直接面对的 Outside 舞者做 Pass Thru;
2. Center 4 做 Cast Off 1/4, Roll 并且 Spread, 成为新的 Lines 的 Ends, 同时其他人做 Cross Concentric Vertical 1/2 Tag;
3. 所有人 Counter Rotate 1/4.

Oddly | Evenly Concept

Oddly any CONCEPT anything CONCEPT [C3B]:

Evenly any CONCEPT anything CONCEPT [C3B]:

Phantom Columns | Lines | Waves Concept

From a 4 x 4 Matrix, visualized as 4 adjacent Columns | Lines | Waves.

Inside Columns | Lines | Waves work together in a 2 x 4 Matrix as the Outside Columns | Lines | Waves work together in a (Disconnected) 2 x 4 Matrix.

Quadruple formations consist of four adjacent formation some of which may have positions occupied by phantoms. The given formation is usually a 4-dancer formation such as a Box, Column, Diamond, Line, or Wave. Work with the dancers and phantoms within your formation. Keep track of the phantoms and allow spaces for them upon completion of the call. When formation is a 4-dancer formation, there should be a total of 16 dancer | phantom positions before and after each call.

Reactivate

Very Centers 和与其直接面对的 Outsides 做 Pass Thru, 同时，中间 4 人中的 Ends 沿着队形外围做 Counter Rotate 1/4; Center 6 做 Trade; Very Outsides 和 Very Centers 做 Phantom Hourglass Circulate (补位).

Reflected Concept

From various formations.

Do the any Tagging call (or any variation of a Tagging call) to the 1/2 Tag position; Tandem Arm Turn 1/4 (i.e., Split Counter Rotate 1/4); complete the any Tagging call.

Reset

1. 1/2 Zoom;
2. Hinge;
3. 1/2 Zoom;
4. Hinge.

Reverse Checkpoint anything By anything

From applicable formations.

Center 4 do the first anything call and the resulting Ends (of that Center 4) move away from the Center of the Set without changing their facing direction (i.e., Stable). The Others (original Outsides) work around the Very Centers to do the second anything call, ending as close as possible to the positions vacated by the resulting Ends of the Center 4.

Reverse Order Concept

Break up the call into its component parts, and do the parts in reverse order.

Reverse The Pass

From Tandem Couples.

2. all Pass Thru;
3. Original Trailers Trade.

Ends in Tandem Couples.

Reverse The Pass is a 3-part call that can be fractionalized into sixths.

Reverse The Top

1. Fan The Top;
2. Swing.

Revolve To A Wave

From a non T-Bone 2 x 2.

Trailers do their part of a Facing Recycle as the Leaders (as one movement) do their part of a Mini-Chase and Hinge.

Ends in a R-H Wave.

Rip Off

From a 2 x 2.

Leaders do a Beaus Run, Belles Zoom as Trailers do a Beaus Walk, Belles Dodge.

Ends in a 2 x 2.

Rotate

Rotates (Rotate, Reverse Rotate, Single Rotate, and Reverse Single Rotate) are listed on different challenge lists according to the starting formation.

At C1,
Rotates can only be called from a Generalized Squared Set, or from similar formations (e.g., from Columns, the Ends only).
At C2,
Rotates can also be called from Parallel Lines or from a 2 x 2 (e.g., In Your Block Single Rotate 1/4).
At C3B,
Rotates can also be called from Columns.

Procedure for dancing Rotates:
1. Identify the center point of your setup.

The center point of your setup is the very center point of the square (commonly called the "flagpole center") except in the following cases:

1. If you are in a 2 x 4 formation and are in Lines, the center point is the Center of each Box (i.e., work Split). If you are in a 2 x 4 T-Bone, the center point for the Column dancers is the flagpole center, whereas the Line dancers are working Split.
2. If Rotate is preceded by the term Split, then divide your formation into two equal subformations. The center point is the Center of your subformation. From a 2 x 4, Split means to divide the setup into two 2 x 2s, not two 1 x 4s.
3. If Rotate is preceded by the name of a formation in which to work, the center point is the Center of that formation. For example, from Columns consider 'Each Column Single Rotate 1/4'. In this case, the center point is the Center of the 1 x 4 setup.
2. Turn 1/4 relative to that center point according to the following rules:

 Rotate As Couples 1/4 To Promenade Reverse Rotate As Couples 1/4 To Reverse Promenade Single Rotate Individually 1/4 To Promenade Reverse Single Rotate Individually 1/4 To Reverse Promenade

Turn 1/4 so that your left shoulder is toward the Center of your formation.
1/4 To Reverse Promenade
Turn 1/4 so that your right shoulder is toward the Center of your formation.
3. Counter Rotate the given fraction around that center point.

From a Squared Set, active dancers work around the outside of the set. The inactive dancers should move into the center of the set.

Scramble

From Parallel Lines with the Ends Back-to-Back, or other applicable formations.

Ends Bend and Turn Thru as Centers Face In and Cross Trail Thru.

Parallel Lines end in Back-to-Back Lines. Scramble is a 2-part call.

Secondly | Thirdly | Fourthly anyConcept anything

Break up the anything call into its component parts. Do the anything call normally until the given part; then do the given part applying the given CONCEPT then do the remaining parts of the anything call normally.

Shake & Rattle

From a 2 x 2.

Leaders do their part of a Shakedown as Trailers do their part of a Reverse Split Swap.

Ends in a 2 x 2.

Sidetrack

From applicable formations.

Sidetrack is a 3-part call.

Single Sidetrack [C3B]: From a 1 x 4 Column. Zig-Zag; Lockit (i.e., Counter Rotate with respect to the 1 x 4); Roll. Ends in a Single Double Pass Thru.

Split Sidetrack [C3B]: From a 2 x 4 or 1 x 8 Column. Zig-Zag; Split Counter Rotate 1/4; Roll.

Split Split Sidetrack [NOL]: From appropriate formations. Split the setup twice to work with one other dancer (who must be in your Generalized Tandem position). Zig-Zag; Hinge (i.e., Counter Rotate with respect to the 1 x 2); Roll.

Single Concept

Single is a way to take an 8-dancer call and make it a 4-dancer call; or to take a 4-dancer call and make it a 2-dancer call.

In the Single version of a call, each dancer executes the movement that would normally be done by a set of two dancers within the normal version of the call. Hence, for a call to have a Single version, it must be possible to group all dancers into sets of two, in which the dancers in each set are always facing the same direction thoughout the given call. The dancers in each set are usually dancing their portion of the call As Couples, In Tandem, Once Removed, or Twosome (or some combination of these concepts).

You can think of Single as replacing each set of two dancers with a single dancer located exactly half-way between the two dancers. This single dancer then executes the given call always staying on a path located exactly half-way between where the two dancers would be in the normal version of the call.

Split Phantom Boxes Concept

From a 2 x 8 Matrix.

Split the 2 x 8 Matrix into two 2 x 4 Matrices. Work in the 2 x 4 on each side.

Stimulate (The Column)

Circulate; 1/2 Circulate; Very Ends 做 Counter Rotate 1/4 和 1/2 Press Ahead, 同时 其他人做 Hinge & Grand Fan The Top (Center 4 做 Cast Off 3/4 同时 Outsides 补位).

Strut Right | Left (And Right | Left)

From a Double Pass Thru or a R-H 1/4 Tag.

Centers Pass Thru, Right | Left Turn To A Line and Spread to become #1 (Very End) and #3 in a Tidal Line as others Step Ahead and Veer Right | Left to become #2 and #4 in a Tidal Line.

Swap The Top

From Facing Couples.

Swap The Top [C3A]:
Belles Extend (L-H) and Cast Off 3/4 as Beaus Run once and a half.
Ends in a R-H Wave.

Cross Swap The Top [C3B]:
Belles Cross Extend (R-H) and Cast Off 3/4 as Beaus Run once and a half.
Ends in a R-H Two-Faced Line.

Reverse Swap The Top [C3A]:
Beaus Extend (R-H) and Cast Off 3/4 as Belles Run once and a half.
Ends in a L-H Wave.
At C3B and above, callers many instead say Mirror Swap The Top.

Reverse Cross Swap The Top [C3B]:
Beaus Cross Extend (L-H) and Cast Off 3/4 as Belles Run once and a half.
Ends in a L-H Two-Faced Line.
At C3B and above, callers many instead say Mirror Cross Swap The Top.

Swing-O-Late

Arm Turn 1/2; Centers 做 Trade 并 Spread, 同时 Ends 做 U-Turn Back 和 Crossover Circulate.

Take {n}

From Back-to-Back Lines.

The n dancers on the right-hand side of each Line do a 'Shakedown' movement (1/4 Right, Counter Rotate 1/4, and Roll) and adjust to end in Concentric Facing Lines of n as the others 1/4 Right and Step Ahead to join hands creating a compact symmetric formation.

Track n

From a Completed Double Pass Thru.

Tandem Partner Trade; Extend n times.

From Parallel Lines or a Generalized Thar.

1. Trade The Deucey;
2. Centers Hinge;
3. Diamond Circulate;
4. Centers Hinge.

Parallel Lines end in Parallel Lines.

Trade The Diamond is a 4-part call.

Trapezoid Formation

A Trapezoid is a Distorted 2 x 2 that can be formed from a normal 2 x 2 after any two adjacent dancers each move a distance of one matrix position directly away from each other.

From a 2 x 4, there are two Trapezoids. The Ends of one side work with the Centers of the other side within a Distorted Box.

Triple formations Working direction Concept

Triple formations Working direction is a precise way to state how to do some 12-Matrix calls.

This concept allows for 8-dancer calls to be done from Triple formations such as Triple Boxes | Columns | Diamonds | Lines | Waves. Normally from these formations we are limited to 4-dancer (or fewer) calls, since each sub-formation (Box, Column, Diamond, Line, or Wave) contains only four spots.

On Triple formations Working direction, each dancer selects a subset of eight (out of 12) spots in which to work. The dancers within the outside Triple formations must always select to work within the four spots in their Triple formation and the four spots in the center Triple formation. The dancers in the center Triple formation work with the four spots in their Triple formation and the four spots in the outside Triple formation which is toward the given direction. If the direction is forward, the Center dancers work with the outside Triple formation which they are facing. If the direction is backward, they work with the outside Triple formation which is behind them. If the direction is Right (or Left), they work with the outside Triple formation which is toward their Right (or Left). If the direction is Together, they work with the outside Triple formation that is closest to them. If the direction is Apart, they work with the Triple formation that is furthest from them.

Turn The Key

From applicable formations.

2. Counter Rotate 1/4;
3. Hinge.

Ends in various formations. Turn The Key is a 3-part call.

Turnstyle

From applicable 4-dancer (and 8-dancer) formations.

Centers (Touch, if necessary, and) Cast Off 3/4 as Ends 1/4 Right.

Two-Faced CONCEPT

From various formations.

Replace each Arm Turn 1/2 (i.e., Swing or Slip) with a Partner Trade and do the given call. (E.g., Two-Faced Spin The Top would start from a Two-Faced Line and would be a Partner Trade; Fan The Top.)

Wave The anyone

Press Ahead; Outsides 做指定舞者 Kick Off , 同时 Centers 做指定舞者 Walk 其他人 Dodge.

With Confidence

From Parallel Lines with the Ends in Tandem, or from other applicable formations.

Centers Hinge and the Very Centers Hinge as the Ends 1/2 Circulate; those as a Couple step forward to become Leaders in Parallel Two-Faced Lines as the others have the Centers U-Turn Back (by turning away from each other) and do your part of a Couples Hinge.

Ends in Parallel Two-Faced Lines.

"Z" Concept

A "Z" is a 2 x 2 that is offset by one position (e.g., the formation obtained from a Mini-Wave Box after 1/2 Press Ahead). Work in the Offset 2 x 2 and maintain the footprints.

"Z" Axle

From the "Z" obtained from a Line with the Centers in a Mini-Wave after a Step & Slide.

1. Outsides Cross Cast Back;