Definitions of Square Dance Calls and Concepts

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 Find call:

Press {direction} [C1,C2]

 Language:  or

Designated dancers move one position forward. EN: 10

Press Back [C1V]:
Designated dancers move one position backward. Press Back is typically only used as a gimmick. EN: 20

Press In|Out|Right|Left [C2]:
As one movement, designated dancers move one position forward and one position toward the given directionEN: 30

Notes:
• Non-designated dancers do not move or adjust in any manner. EN: 40
• Do not change your facing direction during this call. EN: 50
• 'Position' in terms of this definition refers to a spot that could be occupied by a dancer. Within a 2 x 4 there are eight positions. A Squared Set, Butterfly, or "O" is a 16-Matrix (4 x 4) formation, and one position refers to an adjacent spot within that rectangular grid. EN: 60
• The direction can be In, Out, Right, or Left. In and Out are relative to the Center of the Set. EN: 70

 beforePress Right after
 beforePress Left after

Note that in the example above, dancers are completely offset after the Press Ahead. A common dancer mistake is to go only half-way. EN: 80

The following examples illustrate the differences among the similar calls Extend, 1/2 Press Ahead, and Step ThruEN: 90

 This is the starting formationfor each of the following: afterExtend after1/2 Press Ahead afterStep Thru

Often callers misuse the term Extend when they mean to use Press Ahead or 1/2 Press AheadEN: 100

 This is the starting formationfor each of the following: afterAs Couples Extend after1/2 Press Ahead

Curve direction [C4] (Dave Hodson 1985):
As one movement, Press direction while individually turning toward that direction. Direction can be In, Out, Left, or Right and is relative to the Center of the Set. EN: 646

Tip Toe [C4] (Lee Kopman 1980):
Designated dancers Press Ahead while holding onto the dancer in their partner's position, dragging that dancer with them. EN: 647