Definitions of Square Dance Calls and ConceptsPress {direction} [C1,C2]
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Press direction -- [C1,C2]
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Designated dancers move one position forward.

Press Back [C1V]:
Designated dancers move one position backward. Press Back is typically only used as a gimmick.

Press In|Out|Right|Left [C2]:
As one movement, designated dancers move one position forward and one position toward the given direction.

Notes:

• Non-designated dancers do not move or adjust in any manner.
• Do not change your facing direction during this call.
• 'Position' in terms of this definition refers to a spot that could be occupied by a dancer. Within a 2 x 4 there are eight positions. A Squared Set, Butterfly, or "O" is a 16-Matrix (4 x 4) formation, and one position refers to an adjacent spot within that rectangular grid.
• The direction can be In, Out, Right, or Left. In and Out are relative to the Center of the Set.

 beforePress Right after

 beforePress Left after

Note that in the example above, dancers are completely offset after the Press Ahead. A common dancer mistake is to go only half-way.

The following examples illustrate the differences among the similar calls Extend, 1/2 Press Ahead, and Step Thru.

 This is the starting formationfor each of the following: afterExtend after1/2 Press Ahead afterStep Thru

Often callers misuse the term Extend when they mean to use Press Ahead or 1/2 Press Ahead.

 This is the starting formationfor each of the following: afterAs Couples Extend after1/2 Press Ahead

Curve direction [C4] (Dave Hodson 1985): As one movement, Press direction while individually turning toward that direction. Direction can be In, Out, Left, or Right and is relative to the Center of the Set.

Tip Toe [C4] (Lee Kopman 1980): Designated dancers Press Ahead while holding onto the dancer in their partner's position, dragging that dancer with them.