Definitions of Square Dance Calls and Concepts
Definitions of Square Dance Calls and Concepts
From Eight Chain Thru, Parallel R-H Waves, or other applicable formations.

  1. Pass Thru;
  2. Centers Pass Thru as Ends Cross Cast Back;
  3. all Trade;
  4. Centers Trade.

Ends in Facing Lines. Pass The Axle is a 4-part call.

Pass The Axle
Pass Thru
Centers Pass Thru
as Ends Cross Cast Back
all Trade
Centers Trade

Note: Historically, those doing the Cross Cast Back always passed Left Shoulders. Then a group of callers decided it would be easier if the definition were changed to specify passing Right Shoulders, and began teaching it this way to their dancers. The CALLERLAB definition of Pass The Axle is defined in terms of Cross Cast Back (which is defined in terms of Trail Off, which in turn is defined as a Left shoulder pass from a Couple), hence the shoulder pass should be Left shoulders. The moral of all this is that you should be aware that some dancers may insist on passing Left Shoulders and others may insist on passing Right Shoulders. We prefer passing Left Shoulders, but will yield when faced with a conflict. Please be aware that there is a controversy and try not to collide with anybody.


  • Pass The Axle But Cast 1/4 (or 3/4). Replace the Partner Trade (Cast 1/2) with Cast 1/4 (or 3/4).

Pass & Roll The Axle [C4] (Ross Howell): From Eight Chain Thru (or Parallel R-H Waves). Pass Thru; Centers Turn Thru as Ends Right-face U-Turn Back; all Pass The Axle. Ends in Facing Lines. This call must be memorized as a separate call since it is not a Pass & Roll [A2] followed by The Axle [C1]. We believe callers should avoid using this call.

See also anything The Axle [C1] and Cast Back, Cross Cast Back [C1]. -- Copyright © 2020 Vic Ceder.  All Rights Reserved.