Definitions of Square Dance Calls and Concepts

From a Mini-Wave Box, from the "Z" obtained from a Wave after the Ends Fold, or from an applicable T-Bone 2 x 2.

1. Leaders Peel Off as Trailers step ahead (to join inside hands with each other);
2. Fan The Top.

A Mini-Wave Box or "Z" ends in a Wave.

From a Mini-Wave Box:

 beforePeel The Top afterLeaders Peel Off as Trailers step ahead afterFan The Top (done)
From a "Z":

 beforePeel The Top afterLeaders Peel Off as Trailers step ahead afterFan The Top (done)
From a T-Bone 2 x 2:
(used only at C1 or above)

 beforePeel The Top afterLeaders Peel Off as Trailers step ahead afterFan The Top (done)

Notes:
• The words 'step ahead' mean that the Trailers need to 1/2 Circulate if the starting formation is a 2 x 2, or (full) Circulate if the starting formation is a "Z".
• At the Plus level, the standard starting position for Peel The Top is a L-H "Z" in which the Boys are Leaders and the Girls are Trailers. This formation is usually setup from Parallel R-H Waves (Girls as Ends, Boys as Centers) by having the Girls Fold.
• From a Wave, Ends Fold followed by Peel The Top is equivalent to Spin The Top [Mainstream].
• From Parallel Waves, Peel The Top can be difficult to see. Work with the 4 dancers in your Box, not your Wave.

Fan The Top [Plus] (Deuce Williams 1967): From a Line or Diamond with the Centers in a Mini-Wave; or from Facing Couples, in which case dancers first Step To A Wave. Centers Arm Turn 3/4 as Ends walk forward in an arc, turning 90°, to move up 1/4 of a circle around the center of the 4-dancer formation. A Wave or Facing Couples ends in a Wave.

Peel Off [Plus] (Howard Liffick 1962): From an applicable 2 x 2 (usually a Mini-Wave Box or Tandem Couples) or a "Z". As one movement, Leaders flip away (180°) from the center of the 4-dancer formation and step forward if necessary as the Trailers step forward if necessary and U-Turn Back by turning away from the center of the 4-dancer formation. A Non-T-Bone starting formation always ends in a Line.

Trail The Top [C4]: From a Mini-Wave Box, applicable "Z", or applicable T-Bone 2 x 2. Leaders Trail Off as Trailers step ahead (to join inside hands with each other); Fan The Top. Trail The Top is the same as Peel The Top except that the Leaders Trail Off instead of Peel Off.