Definitions of Square Dance Calls and Concepts
Rotate [C1,C2,C3B]

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Rotate -- [C1,C2,C3B]
 C1: C2: C3B:

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Rotates (Rotate, Reverse Rotate, Single Rotate, and Reverse Single Rotate) are listed on different challenge lists according to the starting formation.

På C1,
kan Rotates kun calles fra generelle Squared Set, eller lignende formationer (eks. fra Columns, The Ends Only)
På C2,
Rotates can also be called from Parallel Lines or from a 2 x 2 (e.g., In Your Block Single Rotate 1/4).
På C3B,
Rotates can also be called from Columns.

Procedure for dancing Rotates:
1. Identify the center point of your setup.

The center point of your setup is the very center point of the square (commonly called the "flagpole center") except in the following cases:

1. If you are in a 2 x 4 formation and are in Lines, the center point is the Center of each Box (i.e., work Split). If you are in a 2 x 4 T-Bone, the center point for the Column dancers is the flagpole center, whereas the Line dancers are working Split.
2. If Rotate is preceded by the term Split, then divide your formation into two equal subformations. The center point is the Center of your subformation. From a 2 x 4, Split means to divide the setup into two 2 x 2s, not two 1 x 4s.
3. If Rotate is preceded by the name of a formation in which to work, the center point is the Center of that formation. For example, from Columns consider 'Each Column Single Rotate 1/4'. In this case, the center point is the Center of the 1 x 4 setup.
2. Turn 1/4 relative to that center point according to the following rules:

 Rotate As Couples 1/4 To Promenade Reverse Rotate As Couples 1/4 To Reverse Promenade Single Rotate Individually 1/4 To Promenade Reverse Single Rotate Individually 1/4 To Reverse Promenade

Turn 1/4 so that your left shoulder is toward the Center of your formation.
Turn 1/4 so that your right shoulder is toward the Center of your formation.
3. Counter Rotate the given fraction around that center point.

From a Squared Set, active dancers work around the outside of the set. The inactive dancers should move into the center of the set.

When dancing Rotates, there are 3 things to listen for:

1. Single or not;
2. Reverse or not;
3. How far.

C1 Rotates ( fra Squared Set )

Rotate fraction [C1]: De designerede dansere drejer en As Couple 1/4 mod Promenaderetningen (højre) og laver en Counter Rotate den given fraction på ydersiden af squaren, mens de ikke-designerede dansere (Hvis der er nogen) går ind mod Centeret.

Reverse Rotate fraction [C1]: De designerede dansere drejer en As Couple 1/4 mod Reverse-Promenaderetningen (Venstre) og laver en Counter Rotate den given fraction på ydersiden af squaren, mens de ikke-designerede dansere (Hvis der er nogen) går ind mod Centeret.

Single Rotate fraction [C1]: De designerede dansere drejer en individuel 1/4 mod Promenaderetningen (Højre) og laver en Counter Rotate den given fraction på ydersiden af squaren, mens de ikke-designerede dansere (Hvis der er nogen) går ind mod Centeret.

Reverse Single Rotate fraction [C1]: De designerede dansere frejer en individuel 1/4 mod Reverse-Promenaderetningen (Venstre) og laver en Counter Rotate den given fraction på ydersiden af squaren, mens de ikke-designerede dansere (Hvis der er nogen) går ind mod Centeret.

Noter:

• Lad være med at lave Face In eller Bend The Line efter en Rotate undtagen Calleren specifikt siger det.
• Non-designated dancers move into the center of the set without changing their facing direction.

Rotate 1/4 ( fra Squared Set )

 førHeads Rotate 1/4 efterAs Couples 1/4 To Promenade efterCounter Rotate 1/4 (færdig)

Single Rotate 1/2 ( fra Squared Set )

 førHeads Single Rotate 1/2 efter1/4 To Promenade efterCounter Rotate 1/4 efterCounter Rotate 1/4 (again) (færdig)

C2 Rotates (from Parallel Lines, or from a 2 x 2 but not from Columns):

Work in each Box of 4.

Rotate fraction[C2]: As Couples 1/4 To Promenade and (working in the resulting Line of 4) Counter Rotate the given fraction. This is the same as As Couples Zag-Zig; Lockit n times (where n is the number of quarters within the given fraction: n=1 for 1/4, n=2 for 1/2, n=3 for 3/4, etc.).

Reverse Rotate fraction [C2]: As Couples 1/4 To Reverse Promenade and (working in the resulting Line of 4) Counter Rotate the given fraction. Same as As Couples Zig-Zag; Lockit n times (where n is the number of quarters within the given fraction).

Single Rotate fraction [C2]: Individually 1/4 To Promenade and Box Counter Rotate the given fraction. Same as Zag-Zig; Box|Split Counter Rotate the given fraction.

Reverse Single Rotate fraction[C2]: Individually 1/4 To Reverse Promenade and Box Counter Rotate the given fraction. Same as Zig-Zag; Box|Split Counter Rotate the given fraction.

Reverse Rotate 1/4 (from Parallel Lines):

 førReverse Rotate 1/4 efterAs Couples 1/4 To Reverse Promenade efterLine of 4 Counter Rotate 1/4 (færdig)

Reverse Single Rotate 1/2 (from Parallel Lines):

 førReverse Single Rotate 1/2 efter1/4 To Reverse Promenade efterSplit Counter Rotate 1/2 (færdig)

Cheat for Single Rotate 1/4 (from Lines):
Leaders Left-faced U-Turn Back; Belles Walk; Beaus Dodge.
Cheat for Reverse Single Rotate 1/4 (from Lines):
Leaders Right-faced U-Turn Back; Beaus Walk; Belles Dodge.

Be aware that there are many dancers who use these cheats. Also, experienced dancers often seem as if they are dancing this way (when they are Trailers they simply do some sort of Walk & Dodge movement). We believe it is okay to dance this way if you still think in your mind to 'turn 1/4 & Box Counter Rotate', so that you keep in mind that there is a flowing direction toward which you can Roll. Note that this cheat will not work if the fraction is 0/4. If the fraction is greater than 1/4 then use Box Counter Rotates for the rest of the call.

C3B Rotates (from Columns and other formations):

Rotate 1/4 (from Columns):

 førRotate 1/4 efterAs Couples 1/4 To Promenade efterCounter Rotate 1/4 (færdig)

Single Rotate 1/4 (from Columns):

 førSingle Rotate 1/4 efter1/4 To Promenade efterCounter Rotate 1/4 (færdig)

Single Rotate 1/4 (from a T-Bone 2 x 4):

In this example, the dancers work as if they are in Columns whereas the dancers work as if they are in Lines (i.e., work Split)

 before Single Rotate 1/4 efter Some work Split:all 1/4 To Promenade Some work Split:all Counter Rotate 1/4 (færdig)

Split Single Rotate 1/4 (from Columns):

 before Split Single Rotate 1/4 efter Split 1/4 To Promenade efter Split Counter Rotate 1/4 (færdig)

Note: from Parallel Lines, Split Single Rotate is the same as Single Rotate.

CONTRAST THE FOLLOWING:

 Dette er startformationfor hver af de følgende: efter Single Rotate 1/4 efter Diamond Single Rotate 1/4 ( See Diamond anything Concept [C4])

 Dette er startformationfor hver af de følgende: efterSingle Rotate 1/4 efterSplit Single Rotate 1/4 efterSplit Split Single Rotate 1/4

Hints for dancing Rotates:

• Ved Rotate eller Single Rotate, drej dig 1/4 (As Couples eller Individuelt) så din Venstre Skulder vender ind mod midten af squaren.
• Ved Reverse Rotate eller Reverse Single Rotate, drej dig 1/4 (As Couples eller Individuelt) så din Højre Skulder vender ind mod midten af squaren.
• Rotate betyder As Couples; Single Rotate betyder Individuelt.
• Hvis ingen fraction er givet så gælder 1/4.
• Calleren kan give fractionen 0 (eller 0/4), her skal du blot dreje 1/4 og ikke udføre Counter Rotate.

Why is the Rotate FAMILY is split across three levels? The answer is that the definition of Rotate is inconsistent, in the sense that the definition is formation-dependent. In our opinion, dancers should have one concise definition that can be applied to any legal starting formation. The C2-style Rotates are the culprits, and we believe these Rotates should have been named Split Rotate (instead of Rotate), and Split Single Rotate (instead of Single Rotate), so that there would be no conflict. Unfortunately, Rotates were not defined quite so cleanly.