Definitions of Square Dance Calls and Concepts
{n} By {m} Transfer | Checkmate (The Column) [C2]

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n By m Transfer | Checkmate (The Column) -- [C2]
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From Columns.

The First n dancers do the part of the call that is normally done by the First Two dancers as the Last m dancers do the part of the call that is normally done by the Last Two dancers.

For example,

• A normal Checkmate The Column is a 2 By 2 Checkmate, since the First Two dancers do one part and the Last Two dancers do the other part.
• A normal Transfer The Column is a 2 By 2 Transfer The Column.
• A Box Transfer is a 1 By 1 Transfer The Column.

3 By 1 Checkmate [C2] : From Columns. First Three dancers Column Circulate 4 positions & 1/4 In as the #4 dancers Circulate 3 positions, 1/4 In, & Circulate. Ends in Parallel 3 & 1 Lines.

3 By 1 Transfer The Column [C2]: From Columns. The First Three dancers Transfer (as a 3-dancer group Trail Off , then individually 1/4 In) as the #4 dancers Circulate 1 & 1/2 and Cast Off 3/4; Center 4 Extend The Tag as Others Step Ahead to end in Parallel 3 & 1 Lines.

 before3 By 1 Checkmate after

 before3 By 1 Transfer The Column after3 By 1 Transfer And after Very Centers Cast Off 3/4 and all 'Extend' (done)

1 By 3 Transfer The Column [NOL]: From Columns. The First dancer (in each Column) Transfer (1/2 Circulate, Counter Rotate 1/4 & Roll) as the Last Three dancers 1/2 Circulate and Cast Off 3/4; Center 4 Extend The Tag as Others Step Thru to end in Parallel 3 & 1 Lines

 before1 By 3 Transfer The Column after1 By 3 Transfer And after Center 6 Cast Off 3/4 and all 'Extend' (done)

Examples from Parallel Columns of 3:

 This is the starting formationfor each of the following: after1 By 2 Checkmate after2 By 1 Checkmate after1 By 2 Transfer The Column after2 By 1 Transfer The Column

Note: On 1 By 2 (or 2 By 1) Transfer The Column, the single dancer (the dancer designated by '1' within the phrase '1 By 2' or '2 By 1') always ends up on the center plane of the resulting formation

Variation: Magic n By m Transfer And anything | The Column.

Other examples of the n By m CONCEPT (used at C4):

 before3 By 1 Trail Off after

 before3 By 1 Ferris Wheel after

At C2, the n By m CONCEPT is primarily limited to n By 1 Transfer | Checkmate where n is 2 or 3.

CALLERLAB definition for 3 by 1 Checkmate the Column
CALLERLAB definition for 3 by 1 Transfer The Column

Choreography for n By m Transfer | Checkmate (The Column)